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The Different Types Of Cranes Used In Construction

MOBILE CRANES

Mobile Cranes are the most standard and versatile type of crane used in construction today. The mobile hydraulic crane consists of a steel truss or telescopic boom mounted on a mobile platform, which could be a rail, wheeled, or even on a cat truck. The boom is hinged at the bottom and can be either raised or lowered by cables or hydraulic cylinders.

What makes this construction crane so versatile is it’s footprint and mobility. In construction situations, it can sometimes be difficult to get close to where you need to hoist the materials. Moving a crane into a position that allows it to lift the material with the correct crane capacity is effected by the footprint of the crane. The foot print is the area required to have the crane set up it’s outriggers into position that allows it to hoist the material while inside the crane chart requirements.

TELESCOPIC CRANE

Telescopic cranes offer a boom that consists of a number of tubes fitted one inside of the other. A hydraulic mechanism extends or retracts the tubes to increase or decrease the length of the boom. Most construction cranes today are in some form a telescopic crane. Except for the lattice boom crane with is a iron constructed frame that is bolted together to get the right height for the hoist.

TOWER CRANE

The tower crane is a modern form of a balance crane. When fixed to the ground, tower cranes will often give the best combination of height and lifting capacity and are also used when constructing tall buildings. Some large tower cranes will reach up to 1000 meters high! With an average floor dimension of a high rise equaling 3.5 meters/floor. That’s a crazy 285 story building! Pretty incredible machines. One important thing to note about tower cranes, as they construct past a specific height, it is important to have the tower crane connected to the building to help prevent crane sway and crane tipping.

TRUCK MOUNTED CRANE (ALSO KNOWN AS BOOM TRUCK OR PICKER TRUCK)

Boom trucks or picker trucks are cranes mounted on a rubber tire truck and provide great mobility. Outriggers that extend vertically or horizontally are used to level and stabilize the crane during hoisting. The capacity of these cranes rarely exceed 50 ton capacity. As mentioned above, their versatility is found in their mobility and reach.

ROUGH TERRAIN CRANE

rough terrain crane is a crane that is mounted on an undercarriage with four rubber tires, designed for operations off road. The outriggers extend vertically and horizontally to level and stabilize the crane when hoisting. These types of cranes are single engine machines where the same engine is used for powering the undercarriage as it is for powering the crane. These cranes are ideal for constructions sites that have uneven, dirt and rocky terrain. The mobility and ability of the crane to travel around the site make it an effect support crane for lighter hoists on highway, construction and infrastructure projects.

Lattice Boom Crawler Crane

Lattice boom crawler cranes, often simply referred to as crawler cranes, are a type of heavy-duty mobile crane designed for use on rough terrains and construction sites where stability and maneuverability are essential. These cranes are distinguished by their lattice boom, which consists of a series of interconnected truss-like sections. Lattice boom crawler cranes are essential tools in the construction and heavy lifting industries. Their stability, lifting capacity, and versatility make them indispensable for a wide range of projects. However, they require skilled operators and diligent maintenance to ensure safe and efficient operation.

All State Crane and Rigging has a diverse fleet of cranes for any jobsite needs. Our operators and trained and experienced in both safety and operations. Contact us to learn more or get a free quote!

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Ensuring Safety Heights: The Crucial Role of Training in Crane Operation and Rigging

Safety

In the dynamic world of construction and heavy lifting, the role of cranes is indispensable. These towering machines are the backbone of many construction projects, enabling the efficient movement of heavy materials. However, with great power comes great responsibility, and the importance of safety training for crane operation and rigging cannot be overstated. In this blog post, we will explore why proper training is crucial for the safety of both operators and those working around cranes.

Risk Mitigation:
Crane operation involves inherent risks due to the massive weights being lifted and the complexity of the equipment. Rigging failures, load instability, or even environmental factors can lead to accidents. Proper safety training equips crane operators and rigging personnel with the knowledge and skills to identify and mitigate these risks effectively. This proactive approach significantly reduces the chances of accidents on the job site.

Compliance with Regulations:
The construction industry is heavily regulated to ensure the safety of workers and the general public. Adhering to these regulations is not just a legal requirement but also a moral obligation. Safety training programs for crane operation and rigging are designed to align with industry standards and regulations. By investing in training, companies demonstrate their commitment to compliance, fostering a culture of safety within the organization.

Skill Enhancement:
Operating a crane requires a unique set of skills and a deep understanding of the equipment. Safety training goes beyond the basics, providing operators with advanced skills in load calculations, equipment inspection, and emergency response. Continuous training ensures that operators stay up-to-date with the latest technologies and best practices, enhancing their overall proficiency in crane operation and rigging.

Protecting Personnel and Property:
Accidents involving cranes can have severe consequences, ranging from injuries to loss of life and property damage. Safety training emphasizes the importance of situational awareness, proper communication, and emergency protocols. A well-trained crane operator can make split-second decisions that can prevent accidents and protect the well-being of everyone on the job site.

Boosting Productivity:
While safety is the top priority, well-trained operators also contribute to increased productivity. Efficient crane operation reduces downtime and ensures that projects are completed on time. A workforce that is confident in their abilities and aware of safety protocols can navigate complex tasks more effectively, ultimately benefiting both the company’s bottom line and the overall success of the project.

In the construction industry, where precision and safety go hand in hand, investing in safety training for crane operation and rigging is not just a best practice – it’s a necessity. Beyond compliance, it’s about fostering a culture of safety, protecting lives, and ensuring that projects are completed successfully. By prioritizing safety through comprehensive training programs, companies can build a foundation for success that reaches new heights.

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